I am a little surprised that states with high indigenous populations aren't so different to those states that don't, but numbers of indigenous people may not be large enough to tell the true story.
Level one is the lowest score, say people who can't even read the dose information a a bottle of medicine. Level 3 is what is needed to fully function in society. I would put most of us who have blogs at level 4. Level 5? Can you process in your mind a legal document as you read it?
Document Literacy Scale, By State, Territory and Australia - 2006
|State or Territory|
|New South Wales|
|Australian Capital Territory|
Although I don't know literacy rates for other countries, a figure of nearly 20% with very low literacy is disturbing. Let's blame teachers, that is the people at the coal face and not management and policy makers.
I've just looked at some Wikepedia statistics for world literacy and the test is quite rudimentary, judged by results of say Australia at 96% and Antigua at 99%, but Germany gets 99%, Austria 98%, Norway 100%, Netherlands 99%. Let us go to the U countries, United Kingdom and the United States. Impressively and surprising to me, both 99%. Thou shall not judge a country by its text speak.
My conclusion, Australia performs very poorly in world literacy stakes and it is simply not good enough.