The Commonwealth of Australia is made up of a number of states and territories. The states are relatively easy to know and even if you are not Australian, you will probably have heard of them. Less known are our territories apart from a couple of major ones. I certainly did not know them all.
Let us begin with the mainland states, their abbreviations and their capital cities. The elected head of each state is known as the Premier and each state also has a Queen's representative, a Governor. Australia as a whole has another representative of the Queen, the Governor General.
Queensland, QLD, Brisbane
New South Wales, NSW, Sydney
Victoria, VIC, Melbourne
South Australia, SA, Adelaide
West Australia, WA, Perth
Then there is our island state:
Tasmania, TAS, Hobart
Two major territories on the mainland:
Australian Capital Territory, ACT, Canberra (our national capital, with the ACT surrounded by NSW)
Northern Territory, NT, Darwin
Now we get quite obscure and I was completely unaware of this one on the mainland:
Jervis Bay Territory, JBT (with a Pacific coastline, administered by the ACT and within NSW)
The rest are offshore territories or more accurately, external territories:
Norfolk Island, NF, Kingston (Pacific Ocean)
Christmas Island, CX (Indian Ocean)
Cocos (Keeling) Islands, CC (Indian Ocean)
Coral Sea Islands (Pacific Ocean)
Heard and McDonald Islands, HM (Indian Ocean)
Ashmore and Cartier Islands (Indian Ocean)
Australian Antarctic Territory (Antarctic)
So six states and ten territories make up Australia. You have my admiration if you already knew of them all.